Global consumption of plastics has increased 20-fold over the last 50 years. In the next twenty it will probably double. The production of plastic is based in 90% on fossil fuels and not on secondary raw materials. Such a large dependence on oil makes plastics responsible for 6% of its consumption. The World Economic Forum estimates that in 2050 plastic will be responsible for 15% of greenhouse gas emissions in the world.
Not only the production process of plastic leaves much to be desired. The basic problem is the difficulty in its collection (40% of plastics in Europe is used in packaging), combined with its durability and current consumption patterns. In 2014 in the European Union, only 30% of plastic was recycled. Millions of tons of plastic per year enter the natural environment, destroying it and negatively affecting its condition. Currently, it is estimated that every year 8 million tons of plastic enters the seas and oceans, and in 2050 it is estimated that there will be more plastic elements than fish.
New technologies in plastic production and management in line with the circular economy notion are the light in the tunnel. Biodegradable materials are increasingly being used, there are improved recycling technologies, and in many countries around the world advanced bail systems are introduced resulting in a significant improvement in plastics recycling rates. Unfortunately without the support of all stakeholders in the closing of plastic loops limiting its negative effects on life condition would not be enough.